Wikia

Calendar Wiki

Tamil calendar

Talk1
372pages on
this wiki

Tamizh Calendar Edit

The Tamizh Calendar is followed by the Tamil speaking state of Tamil Nadu, Kerala in India and by the Tamizh population in Sri Lanka. There are several festivals in Tamil Nadu based on the Tamil cultural Calendar. The Tamil calendar is based on the solar cycle. It has a sixty years cycle and each year has twelve months. The Tamil New Year follows the vernal equinox and generally falls on April 14 of the Gregorian year.

The Tamizh calendar is based on the solar calendar used by the people of tamizhnadu and Sri Lanka and Thailand where the traditional new year falls on january 14 as well. The tamizh lunar calendar is conversely used by tamizh peoplearound the world.

Days in Tamil CalendarEdit

The days of the Tamil Calendar relate to the celestial bodies in the solar system. Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn, in that order. The week starts with SundayEdit

The following list compiles the days of the week in Tamil Calendar:

No. Weekday (Tamil) Weekday (English) Lord or Planet Gregorian Calendar equivalent
01. ஞாயிற்றுக்கிழமை Nyaayitru-kizhamai Sun Sunday
02. திங்கட்கிழமை Thingat-kizhamai Moon Monday
03. செவ்வாய்க்கிழமை Sevvaai-kizhamai Mars Tuesday
04. புதன்கிழமை Buthan-kizhamai Mercury Wednesday
05. வியாழக்கிழமை Viyaazha-kizhamai Jupiter Thursday
06. வெள்ளிக்கிழமை Velli-kizhamai Venus Friday
07. சனிக்கிழமை Sani-kizhamai Saturn Saturday

The Months of a Tamil CalendarEdit

The Tamizh Calendar starts around january 14 of the Gregorian Calendar each year. It consists of twelve months. The number of days in a month can vary between 29 to 31.

Welcome to Tamil Calendar PortalEdit

Name of Tamil Twelve Months: The Tamil new year usually falls in mid-April and the calendar consists of twelve months. Unlike the Gregorian calendar, the number of days in a given month can vary between years. Moreover, Tamil months may even have 32 days. For example, the month of Vaikasi had 32 days in 1996 and 31 days in 1998. Similarly, Aani had 31 days in 1996 and 32 days in 1998. The following table shows when the first day of each month occurs:

No.

Tamil month

in English

Start date

10.

தை

Thai

January

11.

மாசி

Maasi

February

12.

பங்குனி

Panguni

March

1.

சித்திரை

Chiththirai

April

2.

வைகாசி

Vaikasi

May

3.

ஆனி

Aani

June

4.

ஆடி

Aadi

July

5.

ஆவணி

Aavani

August

6.

புரட்டாசி

Purattasi

September

7.

ஐப்பசி

Aippasi

October

8.

கார்த்திகை

Karthikai

November

9.

மார்கழி

Markazhi

December

*Thai 1 : Pongal Festival  and Chiththirai 1:Tamil New Year's Day

The Sixty-Year Cycle of Tamil CalendarEdit

The Tamil Yearly calendar follows a sixty year cycle. After the completion of sixty years, the calendar starts again with the first year.

The following list presents the current 60-year cycle of the Calendar:

No. Name Name (English) Gregorian Year No. Name Name (English) Gregorian Year
1960
01. பிரபவ Prabhava 1987 - 1988 31. ஹேவிளம்பி Hevilambi 2017 - 2018
02. விபவ Vibhava 1988 - 1989 32. விளம்பி Vilambi 2018 - 2019
03. சுக்ல Sukla 1989 - 1990 33. விகாரி Vikari 2019 - 2020
04. பிரமோதூத Pramodhoodha 1990 - 1991 34. சார்வரி Sarvari 2020 - 2021
05. பிரசோற்பத்தி Prachorpaththi 1991 - 1992 35. பிலவ Plava 2021 - 2022
06. ஆங்கீரச Aangirasa 1992 - 1993 36. சுபகிருது Subakrith 2022 - 2023
07. ஸ்ரீமுக Srimukha 1993 - 1994 37. சோபகிருது Sobakrith 2023 - 2024
08. பவ Bhava 1994 - 1995 38. குரோதி Krodhi 2024 - 2025
09. யுவ Yuva 1995 - 1996 39. விசுவாசுவ Visuvaasuva 2025 - 2026
10. தாது Thaadhu 1996 - 1997 40. பரபாவ Parabhaava 2026 - 2027
11. ஈஸ்வர Eesvara 1997 - 1998 41. பிலவங்க Plavanga 2027 - 2028
12. வெகுதானிய Vehudhanya 1998 - 1999 42. கீலக Keelaka 2028 - 2029
13. பிரமாதி Pramathi 1999 - 2000 43. சௌமிய Saumya 2029 - 2030
14. விக்கிரம Vikrama 2000 - 2001 44. சாதாரண Sadharana 2030 - 2031
15. விஷு Vishu 2001 - 2002 45. விரோதகிருது Virodhikrithu 2031 - 2032
16. சித்திரபானு Chitrabaanu 2002 - 2003 46. பரிதாபி Paridhaabi 2032 - 2033
17. சுபானு Subaanu 2003 - 2004 47. பிரமாதீச Pramaadhisa 2033 - 2034
18. தாரண Thaarana 2004 - 2005 48. ஆனந்த Aanandha 2034 - 2035
19. பார்த்திப Paarthiba 2005 - 2006 49. ராட்சச Rakshasa 2035 - 2036
20. விய Viya 2006 - 2007 50. நள Nala 2036 - 2037
21. சர்வசித்து Sarvasithu 2007 - 2008 51. பிங்கள Pingala 2037 - 2038
22. சர்வதாரி Sarvadhari 2008 - 2009 52. காளயுக்தி Kalayukthi 2038 - 2039
23. விரோதி Virodhi 2009 - 2010 53. சித்தார்த்தி Siddharthi 2039 - 2040
24. விக்ருதி Vikruthi 2010 - 2011 54. ரௌத்திரி Raudhri 2040 - 2041
25. கர Kara 2011 - 2012 55. துன்மதி Thunmathi 2041 - 2042
26. நந்தன Nandhana 2012 - 2013 56. துந்துபி Dhundubhi 2042 - 2043
27. விஜய Vijaya 2013 - 2014 57. ருத்ரோத்காரி Rudhrodhgaari 2043 - 2044
28. ஜய Jaya 2014 - 2015 58. ரக்தாட்சி Raktakshi 2044 - 2045
29. மன்மத Manmatha 2015 - 2016 59. குரோதன Krodhana 2045 - 2046
30. துன்முகி Dhunmuki 2016 - 2017 60. அட்சய Akshaya 2046 - 2047

Significance of Tamil CalendarEdit


The Hindus had developed a system of calendrics that encapsulates vast periods of time. For computing the age of the earth and various geological and other epochs, as well as the age of mankind, they still employ a Tamil calendar derived from ancient astronomical data, known as the "Tirukkanda Panchanga" (cf. The Secret Doctrine, 2:49-51).


This calendar contains a calculation of something over three hundred millions of years for the age of the present earth since sedimentation occurred, and a period of somewhat more than eighteen million years since the first appearance of our mankind.


The months of the Tamil Calendar gains more significance and are deeply rooted to the faith of the Tamil Hindus. Some months are considered very auspicious while a few are considered inauspicious as well.


The 10th Tamil month called Thai, falls in the mid-January every year. It is celebrated with much enthusiasm among the Tamil Community all over the world. It is marked by gifting new dresses for the family members and giving prayers to God wishing for prosperity among the people for the coming year. The month of Thai and the fifth month of Aavani are considered very auspicious and most marriages usually happen during those months than the other months of the year.


The fourth month of Aadi is considered inauspicious that usually weddings do not happen in the month. Aadi is also the month of preparation for next crop cycle by farmers. Hence, farming communities avoid major events like weddings in this month. On the contrary (or as advantage) the communities that don't actively contribute/participate in farming - take the advantage of having important functions like wedding in this month. For example, the business community prefers this month for wedding. It is usually the worst month for thriving businesses and recently this situation has changed a lot, as the businesses started providing discount shopping during that particular month. Each Tuesday of this month is set aside for prayer and worship.


And another important point to note that for the newly married couple is also an inauspicious month to sleep together. The reason being if the girl who is conceived in this month will deliver the baby in the month of May, the hottest month in Tamil Nadu ('Agni natchathiram ' [pinezu] last 7 days of Chitharai and [munezu] first 7 days of Vaigasi ) and it will be tough period for baby delivery.


The fifth month of Aavani is considered auspicious among the Tamil orthodox people, and the special occasion of Aavani Avittam marks the month. Each Sunday of this month is set aside for prayer.


The sixth month of Purattaasi is auspicious to the effect that, most of the non-vegetarian Tamil people do not eat meat during the month. This faith can be considered much similar to the fasting by Muslims during the month of Ramadan. Each Saturday of this month is set apart to venerate the planet saturn.


The full moon days and the new moon days have considerable importance among the Tamil people. One of the famous festivals, the Deepavali, is celebrated on the new moon day, in the seventh month of Aipassi. The month of Aipassi is usually characterised by the North-East Monsoon in Tamil Nadu, which has given birth to a phrase, Aipassi Adai Mazhai meaning the 'Non-stop Downpour'.


The Festival of Thirukaarthigai is celebrated during the eighth month of Kaarthigai. Each Monday of this month is dedicated to the worship of Shiva. The ninth month of Maargazhi is characterised by the winter in Tamil Nadu, and considered auspicious for maiden women to find their groom. The Shaivite fast of Tiru-vembaavai and the Vaishnava fast of Tiru-paavai are observed in this month.


The tenth month of Thai is the month of Harvest in Tamil Nadu. The festival of Pongal or Makara Sankranti is celebrated to mark the harvest in the first day of that month.


The total number of days in a Tamil Calendar is an average 365 days and day's name are also similar to the western calendar. In temples and for day to day purpose 'Vakiya Panchangam' is used and for Astrological calculations 'Trikanitha Panchangam' is used.


Thank You

Festivals of Tamil NaduEdit

The Tamil Calendar gains so much significance in the life of the Tamil-speaking people that most of the Festivals of Tamil Nadu are based on it. Some of Festivals include Tamil New Year, Thai Pongal, Deepavali, Panguni Uthiram, Thirukaarthigai, Aadiperukku,

External Link  Edit

See also the Wiktionary page "calendar"
Wikipedia-logo-en This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original article was at Tamil calendar. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with the Calendar Wikia, the text of Wikipedia is available under Creative Commons License. See Wikia:Licensing.

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki