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In vedic timekeeping, a tithi (also spelled thithi) is a lunar day, or the time it takes for the longitudinal angle between the moon and the sun to increase by 12°. Tithis begin at varying times of day and vary in duration from approximately 19 to approximately 26 hours. There are 30 tithis in each lunar month, named as follows:

Sl.No Krsna paksa
(dark fortnight)
Gaura paksa
(bright fortnight)
Deity and properties
1PratipatPratipat The presiding deity of the first lunar day in Brahma and is good for all types of auspicious and religious ceremonies
2DvitiyaDvitiya Vidhatr rules this lunar day and is good for the laying of foundations for buildings and other things of a permanent nature.
3TritiyaTritiyaVisnu is the lord of this day and is good for the cuttings of one's hair and nails and shaving.
4ChaturthiChaturthiYama is lord of the 4th lunar day, which is good for the destruction of one's enemies, the removal of obstacles, and acts of combat.
5PanchamiPanchamiThe Moon rules this day, which is favourable for administering medicine, the purging of poisons, and surgery.
6ShashtiShashtiKarttikeya presides over this day and is favourable for coronations, meeting new friends, festivities, and enjoyment.
7SaptamiSaptamiThe 7th lunar day is ruled by Indra; one may begin a journey, buy conveyances, and deal with other such things as a movable nature.
8AshtamiAshtamiThe Vasus rule this day, which is good for taking up arms, building of one's defenses, and fortification.
9NavamiNavamiThe Serpent rules this day, with is suitable for killing enemies, acts of destruction, and violence.
10DasamiDasamiThe day is ruled by Dharma and is auspicious for acts of virtue, religious functions, spiritual practices, and other pious activities.
11EkadasiEkadasiRudra rules this day; fasting, devotional activities, and remembrance of the Supreme Lord are very favourable.This day has special religious significance in Hinduism and Jainism -- usually observed by fasting
12DvadasiDvadasi The Sun rules this day, which is auspicious for religious ceremonies the lighting of the sacred fire, and the performance of one's duties.
13TrayodasiTrayodasiThe day is ruled by Cupid and is good for forming friendships, sensual pleasures, and festivities.
14ChaturdasiChaturdasiKali rules this day suitable for administering poison and calling of elementals and spirits.
(new moon)
(full moon)
The Vasve-devas rule the New Moon suitable for the propitiation of the Manes and performance of austerities.

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